In the UK, there are over 60 species of birds that use garden nest boxes. Our bird boxes are designed to mimic natural cavity nesting sites, attracting a variety of small bird species including:
|Coal Tit||Pied Flycatcher|
|Willow Tit||Pied Wagtail|
|House Sparrow||Spotted Flycatcher|
The size of the entrance hole will determine the types of birds that can use your box. Some species prefer fully open fronted boxes. Look out for our multi-use kits which can be used for both. You can remove the top front panel to create an open entrance. Here’s a list of entrance diameters and which birds use them:
Some boxes have a metal case round the he entrance hole. This is designed to prevent it being enlarged by other birds or predators such as squirrels. It can also be used to shrink the hole size.
Nests can be fixed to walls, fences, trees or buildings. Try to position yours in a sheltered location. If the site is open to the elements, make sure the entrance isn’t exposed to direct sunlight and position it at an angle so wind and rain is directed away.
Open-fronted nesting birds prefer sites that are hidden from view in thick vegetation. So you could attach your box to a wall or fence that has shrubs and trailing plants growing against it.
Generally, boxes to attract small birds can be positioned between 1.5m and 5m high. However, this depends on the species of bird you’d like to attract. For example, Pied Wagtails like to nest higher up, boxes should be at least 5m off the ground. Blue tits will nest between 1m and 5m up, but they like a clear flight path to the entrance. Open-fronts should be below 2m.
Do some research first. The British Trust for Ornithology website has lots of useful information - http://www.bto.org/nnbw/which.htm
When the breeding season is over, you should clean out the box. Our boxes are designed for easy access, panels can be removed and some models have hinged lids.
According to Bird Protection Law, this must be done between 1 August and 31 January. We recommend cleaning out in October or November.